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COBRA Subsidy Confusion: Answers Questions

eHealthInsurance Answers More Consumer Questions About The New Federal Subsidy For COBRA Insurance

MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA -- (Marketwire) -- 03/25/09 --,(, America's #1 online health insurancesource for individuals and families, released a new set of frequently askedquestions (FAQ) about the federal subsidy for COBRA insurance in the newAmerican Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009. The act includes a65 percent subsidy on the cost of COBRA premiums for up to 9 months.

Employers are due to notify affected employees starting this week and haveuntil April 18, 2009 to do so. In the meantime, more questions andconfusion from consumers about the subsidy are continuing to surface. Afterpublishing a FAQ on the subject on February 19, 2009, has received hundreds of questions from consumers andemployers, via phone and email, related to the subsidy for COBRA insuranceand alternatives in the private market for individual health insurance andfamily health insurance.

The volume of questions has been tremendous, consistent and centered aroundthree key issues.

--  Signing-up for the subsidy and subsidy eligibility--  General awareness of the subsidy and additional subsidy resources--  Reimbursement for the subsidy, and tax implications    

To address the confusion, eHealthInsurance has provided this FAQ andresources for:

Consumers to:

-- Review a new guide of 6 Health Insurance Options for theUninsured-- Find updated answers to frequently asked questions from consumers aboutCOBRA Insurance online at eHealth's COBRALearning Center

-- Use a new COBRA subsidy calculator to estimate subsidized premiums andcompare them to competitive private health insurance plans.

-- Speak with a licensed eHealthInsurance agent at 1-800-977-8860

Businesses to:

-- Download resources for employers seeking educational information aboutalternatives to COBRA and the COBRA subsidy at

-- Employers can also email questions and requests to

Signing-up for the subsidy and subsidy eligibility

1. Question: How do I receive the subsidy for COBRA?

   a:  Answer: The first thing you need to do is be sure you qualify       (see eHealths COBRA Learning Center FAQ). The subsidy for COBRA       will be administered through your former employer or benefits       administrator. Make sure your employer has your most recent contact       information so they can contact you once they're ready to       administer the subsidy.   b.  If you qualify for your spouses plan, another group healthcare plan       or Medicare, youre not eligible for the subsidy. If you fail to       notify your COBRA plan administrator, you may face tax penalties.

2. Question: If I don't qualify for the subsidy what can I do?

   a.  Private health insurance: Those in relatively good health often       find less expensive options to COBRA  even with a 65% subsidy -       in the private health insurance market. A 2008 survey of 227,000       eHealthInsurance customers showed that half of all individual policy       holders paid less than $130 per month1 and over half of family       policy holders paid less than $300 per month(1).   b.  Explore public programs: If none of these options are viable for       you, the Foundation for Health Coverage Education (FHCE) has an       excellent web site and their U.S. Uninsured Help Line that can       connect you with publicly-funded programs in your state. Their web       site is and their toll-free number is       800-234-1317.

3. Question: When will my employer let me know if I'm eligible or ask meto sign up?

   a.  Answer: As of February 17, 2009, your employer has 60 days to notify       you of your eligibility, which means you should receive notice by       April 18, 2009.

4. Question: If I want the subsidy, but am not currently enrolled inCOBRA, does that matter?

   a.  Answer: No, you dont have to be enrolled in COBRA currently to       qualify for the subsidy. If youre eligible for the subsidy and lost       your job on or after September 1, 2008 through February 16, 2009;          i. Youll be eligible for a Special COBRA Election Opportunity:             you will have 60 days from the date that your employer             notifies you of the opportunity to re-enroll in COBRA.   b.  Answer: If you lost your job on or after February 17, 2009:          i. You simply need to sign up for COBRA.         ii. If you were offered COBRA, and declined, but now want to             accept COBRA due to the subsidy, be sure to contact your             previous employer to let them know before the end of your             60-day election period.

5. Question: Does the subsidy in the American Recovery and ReinvestmentAct (ARRA) of 2009 apply to my state's COBRA extension program, whichrequires employers with fewer than 20 employees to provide benefits throughCOBRA?

   a.  Answer: It depends on each state and its COBRA extension program:          i. Although COBRA does not apply to companies with fewer than 20             employees, many states have programs that extend COBRA             benefits to those who work for companies with fewer than 20             employees.         ii. It ultimately depends on the state youre in. Go to    or your state insurance commission             for more details.

6. Question: If I was fired, does that make a difference?

   a.  Answer: The subsidy is available to employees whose employment was       involuntarily terminated (for reasons other than gross misconduct)       and who are not eligible for health insurance coverage through other       group health coverage, such as their spouses plan or through       Medicare. So if you were fired, then you may qualify for the       subsidy.

7. Question: When does the clock start for my 9-months of subsidizedCOBRA?

   a.  Answer: For anyone who is eligible for the subsidy, and who lost       their job between September 1, 2008 and February 16, 2009, your       eligibility starts on March 1, 2009.          i. If you lose your job after February 16, 2009, your eligibility             for the subsidy begins in the same month that you become             eligible for COBRA.         ii. Anyone who loses their job after December 31, 2009 will not be             eligible for the subsidy.

8. Question: If I voluntarily left my job, or was asked to resign and didso, do I qualify for the COBRA subsidy?

   a.  Answer: No. The subsidy is only available for those who meet all of       the other enrollment criteria and lost their jobs involuntarily.       Unfortunately, a resignation -- even if it was requested and       recognized by your former employer as a voluntary resignation --       qualifies as a voluntary termination.

9. Question: How does this subsidy apply to me if my former employer isalready paying for a percentage of my COBRA premiums?

   a.  Answer: The subsidy for COBRA applies to 65% of what youre       currently paying out of pocket for COBRA premiums.          i. Assume your monthly COBRA premium is $500 and your employer             was paying $250 of that cost for you.         ii. The 65% subsidy applies to your remaining out-of-pocket             expenses; in this case, the $250 youre still paying for             on your own.        iii. In this scenario, your employer would pick-up an additional             65% of the $250 ($162.50(2)) and you would have to pay the             remaining 35% ($87.50(2))

10. Question: I worked for a non-profit organization and lost my job. Am Istill eligible? If my former employer doesn't pay taxes, how will they getreimbursed for my COBRA premiums?

   a.  Answer: Assuming you meet the other qualifications, you will get       the subsidy, even if you were working for a non-profit.          i. The subsidy for COBRA is being financed by employers who are,             in-turn receiving a pay-roll tax credit for the expense. Any             company with employees on a pay-roll pays these taxes -             including non-profits.        ii.  Every employer that pays the 65% subsidy for COBRA premiums             will get to deduct the cost of these subsidies from their             pay-roll tax contributions.

11. Question: I was out on disability for nine months, and my employerfinally terminated me in February. Am eligible for the subsidy?

   a.  Answer: Yes, you qualify for the subsidy so long as you were       involuntarily terminated (for reasons other than gross misconduct)       and youre not eligible for health insurance coverage through your       spouses plan, or through Medicare.

12. Question: I've lost my job and have also recently been divorced. My exis still covered on my group plan through COBRA. Do they qualify for thissubsidy?

   a.  Answer: Yes, as long as they qualify for COBRA under your group       plan, and are not eligible for another group plan or Medicare.

13. Question: My children have aged off of my COBRA plan and are nowuninsured. Can I put them back on my group plan and get the subsidy?

   a.  Answer: No, dependents terminating coverage due to surpassing a       policy's age limit will not qualify for the subsidy.

14. Questions: My hours were cut back from full-time to part-time and Ilost my group coverage. Do I qualify for a subsidy?

   a. Answer: No. You're eligible for COBRA, but not for the COBRA      subsidy because you have not been terminated involuntarily.

General awareness of the subsidy and additional subsidy resources

   1.  The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009: Basic       information about the portion of the American Recovery and       Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 that deals with COBRA is available       online at   2.  The Department of Labor: The Department of Labors FAQ on this       portion of the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of       2009 is available at           a. Employer notices           b. FAQs for Employers on the COBRA Premium Reduction               c. Expanded FAQs for Employees on the COBRA Premium Reduction               d. Updated FAQs for Employees on General COBRA Provisions    

3. Question: The human resources manager at my former employer's officeknows nothing about this subsidy. Why is that?

    a.  Answer: There are a few possible reasons.         i. The most likely reason is that this stimulus bill is extremely            new and some employers are not yet aware of it. As of the week            of March 16, 2009, the Department of Labor had sent out            guidelines to employers and benefits administrators.        ii. Your employer may outsource their benefits administration to            a third party consultant and that benefits consultant may be            waiting to see a complete plan before they contact your former            employer.       iii. You or your former company may not offer a group plan that            qualifies for COBRA, or the subsidy. Check our COBRA subsidy            FAQ(            for more details on the subsidy and COBRA.

4. Question: Who can I call if I have questions that I can't answer?

   a.  Answer:  Start by letting your former employer know you want the       subsidy once it's available and make sure they have your most       recent contact information so that they can reach out to you once       they're set up. If you havent heard from your former employer/       benefits administrator by April 1, 2009, check in on the status       of your enrollment. In addition to that, you can also:   b.  Contact the Department of Labor through their National Toll-Free       Contact Center at 1-866-4-872-365, TTY: 1-877-889-5627.   c.  Speak to a licensed health insurance agent from       by calling our call-center at 1-800-977-8860. Our agents are staying       up-to-date on the subsidy information and can talk to you about       alternative coverage options.

Reimbursement for the subsidy, and tax implications

1. Question: I've been on COBRA since January; do I get reimbursed forthe 65% for what I've paid so far?

   a.  Answer: No, the subsidy is not retroactive.

2. Question: What will I get reimbursed for with this subsidy?

   a.  Answer: The subsidy for COBRA covers 65% of the cost for COBRA       payments of eligible recipients for 9 months, made on or after       March 1, 2009.          i. Qualified recipients may not begin to see reimbursements or             reduced monthly premiums for COBRA until May or June of 2009.         ii. If you paid for COBRA on your own in March and April, and             youre otherwise eligible for the subsidy, your employer             should reimburse you for those costs; either through a refund             or an increased reduction in future premiums until youve             recouped your costs.

3. Question: Does the new COBRA subsidy cover anything besides monthlypremiums?

   a.  Answer: No

4. Question: Is there an income cap on the subsidy?

   a.  Answer: Yes, individuals with gross incomes of less than $124,000       and couples with incomes of less than $250,000 will qualify for       the subsidy.

5. Question: I made $160,000 in 2008, but I make less than that now thatI'm on unemployment. Do I still qualify?

       Answer: The income qualifications apply to the 2009 and 2010 tax       years. Eligibility for Cobra subsidies doesnt depend on income,       but:          i. If youre 2009 income exceeds $145,000 for individuals or             $290,000 for families youll have to pay the government             back for the amount you were subsidized when you file your             income taxes.        ii.  If your incomes is between $124,000 and $145,000 for             individuals or $250,000 to $290,000 for families, youll have             to repay a portion of the subsidized amount.

6. Question: Is the income limit based on total income or adjusted grossincome?

   a.  Answer: The income limit is based on a taxpayers adjusted gross       incomes in the 2009 and 2010 tax year.

Footnotes:(1)SOURCE: eHealth, Inc.'s 2008 report: Cost and Benefits of Individual andFamily Health Insurance Plans: Calculated using eHealth's COBRA calculator located at

About eHealth, Inc.:

eHealth, Inc. (NASDAQ: EHTH) is the parent company of eHealthInsurance, thenation's leading online source of health insurance for individuals,families and small businesses. Through the company's website,, consumers can get quotes from leadinghealth insurance carriers, compare plans side by side, and apply for andpurchase health insurance. eHealthInsurance offers thousands of healthplans underwritten by more than 180 of the nation's health insurancecompanies. eHealthInsurance is licensed to sell health insurance in all 50states and the District of Columbia. eHealthInsurance and eHealth areregistered trademarks of eHealthInsurance Services, Inc.

For more information about individual and family health insurance plans asan alternative to COBRA, please contact:

--  A licensed eHealthInsurance agent at 1-800-977-8860--  Or go online to

For information about public programs please contact:

--  The Foundation for Health Coverage Education (FHCE) at 800-234-1317--  Or go to their web site is

For media inquiries, please contact:

Nate Purpura
eHealth, Inc.

Sande Drew
eHealth, Inc.
(916) 207-7674