eHealth ObamaCare Countdown: Your Second Step to Get Ready for Health Reform This Year
MOUNTAIN VIEW, CA--(Jun 10, 2013) - Today eHealth, Inc (
Beginning in 2014, individuals and families who do not have major medical health insurance that meets minimum federal standards will be subject to a tax penalty, which has been dubbed "the mandate tax."
In Step One of this six step process, eHealth outlined when an individual or family that already had health insurance might be required to enroll in a new plan. In this step, Step 2, eHealth breaks down the mandate tax, along with the subsidies in Obamacare that are designed to help make insurance more affordable for lower income families.
Individual and family subsidies will be based on the cost of the second least expensive "silver-level" plan available in a given area. The benefit and structure of new health insurance plans, including their Bronze, Silver, Gold and Platinum Level "Actuarial Values," will be described in greater detail in Step Three.
Step 2: June, 2013: Understand the new tax penalties and government subsidies.
Many of the individuals and families who purchase their own health insurance may be able to qualify for subsidies, or "premium tax credits," designed to make their health insurance more affordable. Consumers who understand how the subsidies and tax penalties work will be better able to make decisions about which products to purchase and at what price.
Qualifying for Subsidies
The law determines whether or not an individual is eligible for subsidies based on the following criteria:
1. They live in the United States of America.
2. They're a U.S. citizen, U.S. national or otherwise lawfully present in the United States.
3. They cannot be incarcerated.
4. Their combined total household income is between 133% and 400% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL). People with incomes below 133% of FPL will qualify for Medicaid in most states.
This table breaks out income levels below 400% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).
How Subsidies (Premium Tax Credits) Work
The subsidies (also called Premium Tax Credits) will work on a sliding scale that limits an individual or family's spending on their monthly health insurance premiums to a fixed percentage of their estimated annual income. Subsidies will be based off of the second least expensive "silver-level" plan (a plan that covers 70% of the average cost) available in the area where the individual lives.
If the second least expensive silver plan costs more than the fixed percentage of their estimated annual income, the individual or family would receive a subsidy in the amount of the difference. They could then use that subsidy when purchasing a health insurance plan. See this example.
The amount of money any individual or family could spend on the 2nd least expensive silver plan would range from four percent of their income, to nine-and-a-half percent of their income. Families earning between 133% and 150% of FPL, would spend no more than four percent on that plan, while families with incomes between 300% and 400% of FPL would spend no more than nine-and-a-half percent of their income on that plan.
The following table provides a rough outline for the way the percentage of monthly income is calculated by household size, and the limitations that the law places on premiums for individuals and families with incomes below 400% of the Federal Poverty Level (FPL).
Individuals and families that elect to go without health insurance for more than three months in a given year may incur a tax penalty, which would be applied when they file their income taxes. Penalties are pro-rated by the number of months an individual goes without coverage.
Penalties are phased in over three years, beginning in 2014 when the penalty is 1.0% of income; in 2015 that increases to 2.0% of income; and by 2016 the penalty is calculated at 2.5% of taxable income. The maximum tax penalty can't exceed three times the minimum penalty, or the national average price for a bronze level plan, within a given year. Pricing for bronze level plans is not available, so for this table we've used three times the minimum penalty as the maximum.
This table breaks down how the penalty would be applied each year:
Additional Consumer Resources:
- Shop for health insurance plans from over 200 of America's leading insurers at eHealthInsurance.com
- Shop for Medicare plans from some of America's leading Medicare providers at eHealthMedicare.com
- Download or request a FREE printed copy of our book, Individual Health Insurance For Dummies, Health Care Reform Special Edition, produced in cooperation with For Dummies®, a branded imprint of Wiley, and co-authored by eHealthInsurance
- Follow eHealthInsurance's consumer blog, Get Smart - Get Covered
- Browse our answers to real-life health insurance questions on Yahoo Answers
- Follow eHealthInsurance on Facebook and Twitter
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For more health insurance news and information, visit the eHealthInsurance consumer blog:Get Smart - Get Covered.